Humayun Tomb one of the magnificent mausoleum located in Delhi, India, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. History closely inter-linked with Mughal Emperor Humayun. Who ruled over the Indian subcontinent during the 16th century.
Historical Reference Humayun Tomb –
Emperor Humayun, the second Mughal emperor, ascended the Mughal throne in 1530 after the death of his father Babur. However his reign marked by numerous challenges Including military defeats and political intrigue. Sher Shah Suri, a Pashtun ruler, defeated Humayun in 1540, of Kannauj and took control of the Mughal Empire.
Forced into exile, Humayun sought refuge in the neighboring regions and even spent some time in Persia. Ander the protection of the Safavid ruler Shah Tahmasp. During his time in exile Humayun developed close friendship with Persian rulers. And influenced by their culture and architectural styles.
Death of Humayun :
In 1555, with the assistance of Persian forces. Humayun managed to regain control of the Mughal Empire and returned to Delhi. However his rule was very-short as he passed away in 1556 due to a fall from library stairs. which was located in Purana Qila (Old Fort) in Delhi.
After Death of Humayu :
His wife Empress Bega Begum also known as Haji Begum took on the monumental task of constructing a grand mausoleum in his memory. The Empress deeply devoted to her late husband and wanted to create a fitting tribute to his legacy.
Empress Bega Begum commissioned the construction of tomb in 1565, and project completed in 1572. The tomb’s design credited to the Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas. Who blended Persian and Indian architectural elements to create the distinctive Mughal architectural style.
The Humayun Tomb Architecture :
Is’s surrounded by the gardens which is a prime example of the charbagh (fourfold garden) layout. inspired by the Persian Paradise Garden concept. The architectural finesse, intricate detailing, and the use of red sandstone and white marble reflect the architectural achievements of the Mughal era.
It stands as a testament to enduring love of Empress Bega Begum for her husband and regarded as a precursor to the iconic Taj Mahal, representing the zenith of Mughal architecture in India.
We start our journey with introduction to :-
Historical Prelude :
Our heritage walk begins with an introduction to the 16th-century Mughal era and the reign of Emperor Humayun, a visionary ruler of the Mughal Empire. We learn about the unique amalgamation of Persian and Indian architectural styles that define the essence of Humayun Tomb.
Entering the Monumental Gates :
As we enter through majestic South Gate, our eyes drawn to the impressive sandstone structure adorned with intricate patterns and calligraphy. This grand entrance sets the stage for the splendor that awaits within.
Splendor of the Charbagh Garden :
Walking further into the complex, We arrive at the Charbagh. a classic Persian-style garden layout. The symmetrical quadrilateral garden divided into four parts, symbolizing paradise on earth. The lush greenery, water channels, and fountains create a soothing oasis amidst the bustling city.
Marveling at the Main Tomb Complex :
Approaching the main tomb, we are awestruck by its monumental presence. The red sandstone façade gracefully complements the ethereal white marble dome and arches, creating a striking visual contrast. The detailed geometric patterns, arabesques, and Quranic inscriptions showcase the finesse of Mughal craftsmanship.
Unraveling Stories of Love and Legacy :
Inside the Humayun Tomb, we discover the cenotaph of Emperor Humayun, elevated on a marble platform, surrounded by smaller cenotaphs of other Mughal family members. We learn about the love and devotion of Empress Bega Begum. Who commissioned the tomb in memory of her beloved husband.
Hidden Secrets of the Subterranean Chambers :
Our walk takes us to the hidden chambers beneath the main Humayun Tomb. Where the actual graves of Emperor Humayun and Empress Bega Begum rest in eternal peace. The somber ambiance and dimly lit interiors evoke a sense of reverence for the departed souls.
Influences and Inspiration :
As we conclude our journey, we reflect on the architectural influence of Humayun Tomb. On subsequent Mughal monuments, notably the iconic Taj Mahal. We witness how this masterpiece laid the foundation for the development of later architectural marvels in India.
Some interesting facts about Humayun’s tomb –
First Garden Tomb in India: Humayun Tomb – first garden tomb built in the Indian subcontinent. The concept of garden tomb with charbagh layout and water channels, became a prominent feature of Mughal architecture and later replicated in other monuments like the Taj Mahal.
Persian Architectural Influence: The tomb’s design heavily influenced by Persian architecture, which Emperor Humayun experienced during his exile in Persia. The skilled Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, played a significant role in the construction, blending Persian and Indian styles to create a unique architectural masterpiece.
Restoration by the Aga Khan Trust: In the early 2000s, Humayun’s Tomb underwent an extensive restoration process carried out by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. The project aimed to conserve and revive the monument’s original beauty and bring it closer to its original glory.
Red Sandstone and White Marble: The tomb’s façade is a striking combination of red sandstone and white marble. The red sandstone complements the white marble, adding to the monument’s aesthetic appeal and architectural grandeur.
The central tomb chamber, where Emperor Humayun’s cenotaph is located, is an octagonal structure. The octagonal shape is rare in Indian tomb architecture and adds to the uniqueness of Humayun Tomb.
Hidden Water Channels: Beneath the garden. There is an intricate system of water channels that once provided a constant flow of water to keep the gardens lush and green. This underground water management system showcases the advanced engineering skills of that time.
Humayun Tomb at Night: The monument takes on a magical appearance at night when beautifully illuminated. The soft golden lights enhance the intricate details and highlight the architectural elements, creating a mesmerizing sight.
Connection to the Taj Mahal: Humayun’s Tomb often referred to as the “precursor to the Taj Mahal.” The tomb’s architectural elements and garden layout served as an inspiration for the construction of the Taj Mahal, built later by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Shared Grave with Isa Khan: Within the complex. There is a tomb of Isa Khan, an Afghan noble and one of Humayun’s loyal supporters. Interestingly Isa Khan’s tomb predates Humayun’s Tomb and later integrated into the complex during its construction.
Bollywood and Hollywood Filming Location: The stunning architecture and serene ambiance of Humayun Tomb made it a popular filming location for both Bollywood and Hollywood movies. Films like “The Dark Knight Rises” and Bollywood movies have featured the tomb’s grandeur on the silver screen.
Frequently asked questions for Humayun Tomb FAQ:
JLN Stadium (Purple Line) : 1.3 KM its nearest metro station & Jor Bagh (Yellow Line ) : 3.5KM.
₹ 35 for Indian & SAARC nations citizens,
₹ 550 for Foreigners,
For carrying video Camera inside the monuments ₹ 25 to be pay.
Kids free up to 15 Years,
Humayun Tomb remain open from Monday-Sunday, Timing : 08AM – 06PM.
Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Mathura Rd, Nizamuddin, Nizamuddin East, New Delhi, Delhi 110013, India